International Atomic Energy Agency Director General Rafael Grossi speaks to the media during talks with German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock on Nov. 15, 2022, in Berlin, Germany.

International Atomic Energy Agency Director General Rafael Grossi speaks to the media during talks with German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock on Nov. 15, 2022, in Berlin, Germany. The two discussed Ukraine's nuclear power plants, especially Zaporizhzhia, under Russia's current war in Ukraine, as well as Iran's ongoing unwillingness to commit to the terms of the JCPOA. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images/TNS)

VIENNA — Iran is planning a significant expansion of its uranium enrichment program, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency on Tuesday.

The report to IAEA member states from the group's director general, Rafael Grossi, states that efforts to enrich uranium to 60%, so far limited to Natanz, have begun at a second location.

Additionally, "Iran also plans a significant expansion of low-enriched uranium production" at its Fordow facility with the installation of 14 more cascades, according to an IAEA release.

However, some of those new cascades will replace ones currently in use.

"This step, which carries significant proliferation-related risks, has no credible civilian justification," read a statement from Britain, France and Germany, which have long been involved in negotiations to keep Iran from establishing a nuclear weapons program.

The uranium enrichment at Natanz was already theoretically sufficient to create a small amount of weapon-grade material, though Tehran denies it has any such intentions.

The Iranian Atomic Organization (AEOI) said the new actions are in response to an IAEA governing council resolution last week that accused Iran of insufficient transparency regarding its weapons program and which hinted at sending the matter to the U.N. Security Council.

An international deal from 2015 limits Iran to only 4% enrichment, but Iran began violating terms of that deal in 2018, after the U.S. walked out.

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